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(Including the Appraisal Institute  (AKA mai)

History of Westminster

WESTMINSTER THROUGH THE YEARS

The story of the Westminster that was, and the Westminster that has changed through the years to become the thriving city as we know it today, is one of a cooperative spirit, purpose and
determination.

The settlers who founded the temperance colony of Westminster in 1870 were not the first to come to the coastal plain. The earliest settlers were the Oak Grove people who occupied the
land over 8,000 years ago and stayed until the climate became too dry and vegetation dwindled. The area remained uninhabited until the Gabrieleno Indians moved in from the desert to this
area and numbered over 200,000. Diseases such as measles, smallpox and diphtheria reduced the Indian population.

The next recorded history of the North Orange County area dates to 1492, when Pope Alexander IV decreed that all unclaimed land in the North American continent belonged to the King of
Spain. Large land grants called ranchos were awarded by the King to induce colonization of the continent.

The Spaniards cleared, surveyed and mapped their new land. In 1784 the Spanish Governor of California honored Manuel Nieto with a 21 mile square concession of land to be called the
Rancho Las Bolsas. It covered most of what we know today as west Orange County. The Rancho prospered with large crops and fine herds, however, after Nieto’s death in 1804 his heirs
quarreled and the Rancho was partitioned in1834. (Westminister)

During the 1850’s with California’s admission to the Union, the U.S. Land Commission was set up to review claims that rose from original Spanish land grants. An American named Abel
Stearns saw this as an opportunity to buy up shares from the disputing factions of the Rancho Las Bolsas. With the Commission’s acceptance, Stearns became the sole owner of the rancho
changing the name to Stearns Rancho. (Westminister)

FIRST DECADE OF THE WESTMINSTER COLONY

Westminster was the second colony in Orange County to be deliberately founded, but in contrast to the first which was Anaheim, Westminster was not founded by any one ethnic group nor
did it center on one product economy.

Westminster was founded as a temperance colony by the Presbyterian Reverend, Lemuel P. Webber in 1870 upon his purchase of some 6,000 acres of the Stearns Rancho. Fulfilling his
dream, he invited those people with like ideas in religion and morals to locate on individual 40 acre farms in his new colony. The town was named for the Westminster Assembly of 1643
which prescribed the basic tenets of the Presbyterian Church. John Y Anderson, a native of Virginia was the first man to respond to the Reverend’s invitation. Anderson took up residence on
the corner of what we know as Westminster Boulevard and Monroe Street.

In 1872, the town’s first Westminister schoolhouse was built after a tax was levied which raised over $3,000 for the project. School started that August with 13 students.

In the spirit of cooperation, the township soon realized it had to make supplies more readily available for all to share. In 1874, the township opened the first Westminister “general store”
beginning the first business district on Almond Avenue, which today is known as Westminster Boulevard.

At the end of 1874, the colony had 225 inhabitants, 62 families, and 52 farms.Acreage prices started at $13 rose to $20 and $30 per acre in 1875.

Soon, 1,800 additional acres were needed and added to the northern part of the colony. The first community newspaper, the Tribune, was started in 1878.

Westminister was surrounded with wild Spanish cattle, hogs, and horses. Meat was sold through a butcher for 9 cents per pound. Horses were rounded up and domesticated for riding and
for work.

At the close of the first decade three churches were free of debt, testifying to the character of the towns people. An additional two general stores had been opened, two blacksmiths, a wagon
shop, a harness shop, a milliner, and a shoemaker. A sorghum mill and two creameries set the scene for future industry and the self-sufficiency of Westminster.

THE 1880’s
Westminister
The second decade was one of continuing development. This agricultural community had overcome swamps and tulles and a rainy season that flooded the region due to the lack of any
drainage system. The Drainage Act of 1881 turned thousands of acres into productive soil and opened the most thriving celery fields in the world.

The Santa Fe and Southern Pacific railroads brought settlers from the Missouri River to the west coast for $15.00 and during the price wars the cost went to $1.00. Railroad travel marked a
population and a land boom in all of Southern California. Before that, pioneering families could only arrive by ship which passed through the Panama Canal or overland in wagons through
the hot desert.

Oxen teams hauled harvested crops from Irvine Ranch to Anaheim Landing and returned inland with lumber for Westminster’s growth. The 1880’s closed with the secession of the southern
part of Los Angeles County which was to become Orange County.

Westminister
THE 1890’s

Dairy farming was the principle source of income for many ranchers. These ranchers cooperatively built creameries which provided more jobs and eventually led to their products being
exported. Peatland was yielding 12,000 bunches of celery per acre and trade went on.

Early settlers had pledged not to grow grapes, but outside influences modified tradition, and soon grapes began to flourish and the first saloon was then opened.

Westminister
THE 1900’s

Westminster was growing. The colony continued to gain the reputation as the finest dairying center in the country. Chinese were brought in from Los Angeles and San Francisco along with
some Japanese and Mexicans to farm the rich productive soil.

The first library was set up in the newly built Odd Fellows Hall in 1900. The first telephone was installed for the Wells Fargo mail agent, J.F. Patterson, who also became the agent for
Southern Pacific Railroad when the line reached Westminster in 1902. The “Plaza Association” was organized to develop Sigler Park and also to provide awards to those citizens who caught
chicken thieves. The Westminster Chamber of Commerce was formed to promote the town’s business.

THE 1910’s
Westminister
With the Southern Pacific Railroad coming through Westminster, 1,500 to 2,700 carloads of celery were being shipped to eastern markets. Two large sugar factories, located within eight
miles of the town, provided a convenient market for sugar beet growers. Land prices were rising with some acreage selling for $500 per acre.

During the 1910's the artesian wells were allowed to fill ponds, making the area into a well known sportsman’s paradise. Gun clubs dotted the marsh land along Bolsa Road. In 1913, the
Westminster Gun Club bagged 8,633 ducks. At seasons end, the wells were capped, water drained off, and cattle returned to the pastures.

THE 1920’s
Westminister
Westminster was known as a quiet village – an area primarily of scattered farms. It was one of the most ideal communities in which to raise a good family. It had the best schools and the
finest church facilities in the local area.

1924 saw the Midway City subdivision and in 1927 Barber City was begun. The world’s largest goldfish farm moved into the area where the Westminster Mall stands today. The Westminster
Gazette newspaper was established, and at the same time the original Green Kat Tavern was built. It was ironic that this community, first established as a temperance colony, should have a
tavern as its landmark just a few decades later.

THE 1930’s
Westminister
With the building activities of the late twenties, it seemed that Westminster might grow and become more than just a farming community in the thirties, but major events altered the growth. In
the spirit of cooperation, the “Association of the Unemployed” was started during the depression years, assisting in securing food for the area. Then on March 10, 1933, a devastating
earthquake damaged much of the city and all of its brick buildings. The 17th Street Hoover School had to be rebuilt by SPA and was opened again in 1935.

Additionally, in 1938, Southern California was struck by a severe flood. Fortunately, it bypassed Westminster proper but left washes and debris across roads, which disrupted access to the
town for months.

THE 1940’s

As the forties began, one could view orange groves, lima beans, and sugar beet fields which surrounded the few businesses in downtown Westminster. By 1942, the population had reached
2,500. However, World War II brought several more changes which again effected the development growth of Westminster. Young men left the area to join the armed forces, and the
Japanese, nearly all of them farmers, were moved out of Orange County. Defense workers from the Midwest settled in Westminster and joined their fellow neighbors working at local
shipyards and aircraft factories, which were located nearby.

At the end of the war, many servicemen who enjoyed the Southern California climate decided to stay. Huge housing tracts grew in areas surrounding Westminster, but the agriculture
remained untouched by this population boom, and sheep herders were able to keep their paths open through Westminster.

During these trying times, Westminster was part of the first desegregation case in the United States. A Federal judge denounced segregation in public schools, and integration came to most
of California schools.

THE 1950’s

Recovering from the earthquake, the flood, and World War II, Westminster found itself growing once again. Land developers became interested in acquiring local farms. Eventually, new
tracts were built, and in 1956, the population was recorded at 10,755.

In March of 1957, proceedings began to form a municipality called the Tri City. However, when Midway City withdrew from the venture a spiritual contest resulted. The voters finally chose to
incorporate by a vote of 1,096 to 1,008, and it was also decided to retain the historical name of Westminster. The first permanent City Hall was located in the Hoover Schoolhouse.

September 10, 1959, Westminster High School became a reality. It was at that time, the most modern and up-to-date school in the county. Deriving its name and tradition from the English
Westminster Abbey, the mascot became the lion, and the colors of the Royal Guard, red, black and white, were used.

THE 1960’s

In the 1960’s the population quadrupled. The number of schools grew from 3 in the fifties to 22 at the end of the sixties. Freeways were completed that linked Westminster with the Southland
Freeway system.

In August of 1968, the city moved its base of operations from the condemned Hoover Schoolhouse to the new municipal facilities which, in keeping with tradition, followed the English theme.
The Tower of Westminster, California, was built in the center of the square of brick civic buildings.

THE 1970’s

The 1970’s found a thriving community concerned with the original cooperation spirit the townspeople showed throughout the years. Most vacant land had been developed in residential
zones and new construction was replacing some of the older dwellings. Two libraries situated in storefront buildings were accommodated by one new facility. The Historical Society, joining
with the City Council restored and resettled the 1874 McCoy-Hare House in Heritage Park as a reminder of the early days.

In addition, the 1970’s were a prosperous decade for commerce. The Westminster Mall, a prestigious new shopping center, was built, housing 180 shops. Further construction of municipal
buildings included an administration building and a senior citizens facility. New fire department buildings were being considered along with renovation of the civic auditorium. Street
improvements and other capital outlay for the city continued with the same positive outlook held by the early day pioneers. This cooperative spirit, purpose and determination became the
earmark of our city, Westminster.

THE 1980’s

The 1980’s saw population growth as Southeast Asian refugees, fleeing from the conflict in their homelands, relocated to this area. Over 500 businesses opened in the Bolsa Avenue area.
The construction and development of Southeast Asian businesses, restaurants, and professional services is not only adding to the commercial base, also becoming a tourist attraction. The
development of this area and the twenty-five-acre shopping center at Beach and Heil streets will add to the revenues needed to operate a still-growing city. Westminster now has an
assessed valuation of over $2 billion, which reflects a 34.5 percent increase in a one-year period.

The growth of Westminster Colony in the 130 years since Rev. Webber chose this area will continue as will the spirit of cooperation and purpose demonstrated throughout the time
Westminster grew into today’s thriving city of 73,500.

THE 1990’S

The 1990’s were a time of challenge, celebration, change and crisis for the city of Westminster.

There were many changes in land use during this period. The Warne family ranch at Bolsa and Bushard, that had held to its agricultural use from the early 1900’s, became a part of the
Westminster “Little Saigon” area with the development of markets, retail stores, and professional offices. The Warne family farmhouse and big red barn (circa 1915) were relocated to Blakey
Historical Park at 8612 Westminster Boulevard by the Westminster Historical Society. The Westminster Museum and the McCoy Hare House have also been moved to the two-acre parcel
donated by Leaora Blakey.

The historic Westminster Auditorium, built in 1940 as a WPA project by the Westminster School District at Westminster Boulevard and Hoover, was demolished to become the site for a three-
story assisted care facility in 1996. Under city municipal ownership, the auditorium had served as the Westminster Cultural Center for the past twenty years. Plans to construct a cultural
center on City municipal-owned property east of the Civic Center are progressing slowly. The Community Services Center and the Senior Center are being used at this time for community
events.

The Highway-39 Drive-in Theater (the last drive-in in Orange County), built in 1955, was redeveloped recently into a  shopping center. With Wal-Mart as the anchor for this center, it boosts
the sales-tax revenue for Westminster. Westminster Center at Goldenwest was redeveloped, as well as the Westminster Mall.

Amid political upheaval, fire services, that had been provided by Westminster Fire Department since incorporation in 1957 were transferred to the Orange County Fire Authority. The three
local fire stations remain as part of the system. There were many celebrations during the 1990s. Westminster had a gala party to mark forty years of incorporation in 1997. The Blessed
Sacrament Church celebrated fifty years, and the Westminster Presbyterian Church marked 125 years in the community. The Midway City Sanitary District, founded in 1939, marked the
occasion by hosting an open house at the new office building at Cedarwood and Hazard. The district provides sewer and trash service and boasts the lowest rates in the country at this time.
City Hall Administration buildings were remodeled during the 1990’s.

Westminster was named “All-America City” in 1996 by the National Civic League for civic accomplishments, made possible by the cooperative efforts of business, government, the volunteer
sector, and other individuals. Projects recognized by this award included: Project SHUE (Safety, Health, Understanding, and Education), an intergenerational after-school program at the
Senior Center for six-to-nine-year old Vietnamese and Hispanic “at risk” children; the anti-gang program TARGET (first of its kind in the nation), which teamed Police, Probation, and District
Attorney working together daily in an office at the police station; and the Community Collaborative, which grouped leaders from city and county working to provide a total range of services.
The spirit of cooperation that marked the early years of Westminster Colony continues to thrive in the Westminster of the 1990’s.

Crisis hit the community in September 1998, when the 5,000,000-gallon water-storage tank on Hefley Street ruptured, flooding the adjoining fire station and forty-nine Hefley Square
Townhouses. There was no loss of life, but damage to homes was extensive. Nearly a year later, eleven of the homes were still being rebuilt or repaired. The fire station was damaged but is
back in service. City employees, the Orange County Fire Authority, neighboring fire services and the Red Cross were on-site for days assessing the damage and assisting residents. Water
storage for the city was non-existent as the twin storage tank was emptied while the cause of the tank failure was determined.

In 1999, Westminster was a city of 86,500 with an assessed valuation that is over $3.5 billion. Westminster School District has an enrollment of 9,817 in grades K through 8. Boos School and
Midway City School closed during the 1990’s and the campus now houses single family homes.

THE 2000’s

The turn of the century and early years of 2000 found continued growth and improvement in Westminster. Design and completion of two 8million gallon state of the art water tanks at Hoover
and Hazard Avenues assures an adequate water supply. In the Civic Center area, Sid Goldstein Memorial Park was dedicated. An important part of the park is the Vietnam War Memorial
which is a tribute to all who served in that arena.

Coastline Community College now serves the community at its satellite campus located adjacent to the Westminster Rose Center, which includes a 411 seat theater and convention/banquet
center for community events and programs. The Westminster Rose Center, Coastline College Educational buildings and Sid Goldstein Freedom Park joined the Civic Center City Buildings,
Senior Center, the Orange County Courthouse, and the Orange County Library to create a focal point for Westminster that provide services for the residents of the community.

Residential and commercial growth continue as the assessed valuation has reached $5,186,876,215 and a population in 2005 that is 92,000 and growing.



What, in the world, are they Doing wRONG? Appraisal Institute suffers another loss! "AI commercial database bites the dust." Appraisal Institute (AI) will be closing down the AI Commercial
Database on November 1, 2005.

(orange county commercial appraiser, Orange County Cities, Aliso Viejo, Anaheim, Brea, Buena Park, Costa Mesa, Cypress, Dana Point, Fountain Valley, Fullerton, Garden Grove,
Huntington Beach, Irvine, La Habra, La Palma, Laguna Beach, Laguna Hills, Laguna Niguel, Laguna Woods, Lake Forest, Los Alamitos, Mission Viejo, Newport Beach, Orange, Placentia,
Rancho Santa Margarita, of San Clemente, San Juan Capistrano, Santa Ana, Seal Beach, Stanton, Tustin, Villa Park, Westminster, Yorb
a Linda, Real Estate Appraiser Los Angeles,
Commercial Appraisal Services, millionaire services, Real Estate Appraiser, Real Estate Appraiser Los Angeles, find appraiser, find real estate appraiser,   Real Estate Appraiser Orange
Riverside Ventura San Bernardino Counties, )

THE CALM BEFORE THE STORM!
Appraisal Institute's (
mai) Top Dog (John Ross, CEO) Jumps Ship
Ross: "After nine years with the organization,
I feel that the timing is good for me to explore other opportunities."  

Ross: "
I’d like to see the organization (the appraisal institute) strengthen its ties with the academic community. The profession needs to focus now on developing more theoretically
based tools and on things like
behavioral finance and economics – which is ultimately what dictates the operation of markets. I’ve often stated that the mark of any profession is in the
development of new theory, and in my estimation
there have been few, if any, advances in this regard in the appraisal profession for the last 25 years or more. I’d like to see the
Appraisal Institute more involved in some way in such thought creation."

Are predetermined Appraisal ADJUSTMENTS Legal/Ethical?  Please see attached Predetermined adjustments provided by Curtis - Rosenthal, Inc. (MAI Appraiser Los Angeles)
LLC. an MAI Firm.
 You be the judge and get back with us or call them for this years update.  If your property was acquired by the Los Angeles World Airport (LAWA) you had
better read this!

"Posted by Appraisal Police on July 10, 2006 at 00:33:42:
In Reply to: Predetermined Adjustments posted by Cochise on July 09, 2006 at 19:26:17:
Fannie Mae Single Family Selling Guide
Part XI: Property and Appraisal Guidelines
XI, Chapter 4: Reviewing the Appraisal Report (11/08/04)
XI, 406: Sales Comparison Approach to Value (01/31/06)
XI, 406.03: Adjustments to Comparable Sales (06/30/02)
Each comparable sale that is used in the sales comparison approach to value must be analyzed for differences and similarities between it and the property that is being appraised. The
appraiser must base his or her analysis and any adjustments to the comparable sales on the market data for the particular neighborhood and for competing locat1ons—not on
predetermined or assumed dollar adjustments. If an appraiser's adjustments to comparable sales (or the reconciliation of the comparable sales) are based on unsupported assumptions or
personal opinion that cannot be supported by market data, poor quality appraisals that could have a
discriminatory effect may result."

<Orange County and Southern California,  Real Estate Appraiser Orange, estate appraiser & consultant, Expert Witness, Real Estate consultant, OC,  Southern California, commercial appraiser, appraiser los
angeles, real estate appraiser,  condemnation appraiser,  la commercial appraiser, ca commercial appraiser, Real Estate Appraiser, Real Estate Appraiser orange county, Commercial Appraisal Services,>

Services: Eminent Domain appraiser appraisal, The Harris Company REA/C
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Multi Family , Bank appraisal institute,Apraiser, comp check, value check)

Orange County Cities, Aliso Viejo, Anaheim, Brea, Buena Park, Costa Mesa, Cypress, Dana Point, Fountain Valley, Fullerton, Garden Grove, Huntington Beach, Irvine, La Habra, La Palma,
Laguna Beach, Laguna Hills, Laguna Niguel, Laguna Woods, Lake Forest, Los Alamitos, Mission Viejo, Newport Beach, Orange, Placentia, Rancho Santa Margarita, of San Clemente, San
Juan Capistrano, Santa Ana, Seal Beach, Stanton, Tustin, Villa Park, Westminster, Yorb
a Linda

Dateline:
INTERNATIONAL RIGHT OF WAY ASSOCIATION (IRWA)
Chapter 1 –Los Angeles County
2006 Annual Fall Seminar

Tuesday, October 24, 2006
Quiet Cannon, Montebello, CA

The Los Angeles World Airport's (LAWA) Director of Economic Development admits that the Manchester Square “Voluntary Purchase” Program is a part of LAWA’s Master Plan.   This statement was supported by one staff
member who presented maps indicating that this area has been set aside for parking.  

This Freudian slip of the tough could have major legal consequences since under the agencies “voluntary purchase program” homeowners were not paid Fair Market Value which is “the highest price” required by State
Law in condemnation cases.   

For years Vivian Howell, an IRWA and LAWA mucky muck, has stated that we are not going to pay them “the highest price” because this is a voluntary program.  

This in addition to using unethical appraisal practices like using unqualified appraisal trainees, consultants colluding on values, standardized comparable adjustments, and in some cases- appraising of property based
upon it's existing use, rather than it's “highest and best use.”   It is estimated that these combined, secret practices, have cost property owners millions.

The Director also stated that he foresaw a number of inverse condemnation cases being filed against the agency, by current residents, because the LAWA project has left their neighborhood in a shambles.

If you are a homeowner, property, or seller of property to LAWA in this area we strongly suggest that you contact a qualified Real Estate Condemnation Attorney, or Relocation Expert, and demand a full hearing into these
issues.  


Cochise
Commercial Appraiser



Posted by Cochise
Commercial Appraiser
It appears that discrimination is something that the Appraisal Institute knows a lot about.  In fact they use to be called T
he American Institute of Real Estate Appraisers until they were sued,
for discrimination, by the Federal Government.  They then changed their name to the Appraisal Institute, same pig, different shade of lipstick.
 (The MAI Appraiser Standard,  Larry A Mc
Coy, MAI)  Application Local governments are not immune from proscriptions of Title VIII, and may be sued. United States v Black Jack ... provides for actions against states and political
subdivisions as well as actions against private transactions and practices; comprehensive purpose of Fair Housing Act)... would be diluted if it were to apply only to actions of private
individuals and entities. ... applies to appraisers of real estate. United States v American Institute of Real Estate Appraisers etc. (1977, ND Ill) 442 F Supp 1072, 24 FR Serv 2d 880, app
dismd (CA7 Ill) 590 F2d 242, 48 ALR Fed 657. 42 USCS ? 3604(a, b, d)’

How many errors can you find in this appraisal prepared by
Jeffrey T. Nagasaki, MAI of Lea Associates.  They also perform similar low quality work for the Los Angeles Unified School
District and the County of Los Angeles. (Condemnation Appraiser, Inverse Condemnation Appraiser)

HOW TO CONDUCT A MAI (MADE AS INSTRUCTED?) APPRAISAL
Quote from David Rosenthal, MAI
Here are some tips from seasoned practitioner, David Rosenthal, MAI (Managing Director of Curtis-Rosenthal, LLC) that can help make your next appraisal experience easy and productive.

"4.  
Supply all of your market data, up front. Nothing says that your appraiser has to independently find all of the relevant market information. Data is data, so make the job easier and
share any market data that you have already
developed. The appraiser will decide which data to use and how to best use it. Give your appraiser a running start with the benefit of your
advance research."

The  Great Texas Bank Job
"The FIRREA Cover Up - FDIC / RTC   The South West Scam
The  Whitewaters  &  Castle Grandes  of   Texas  and   ALL  Across  America
The S&L Gold Rush - The Lack Of Public Accounting

If the bank’s board of directors were the ones doing the looting, however, they readily hired a pliant appraiser to cook up whatever appraisal value they wanted.  Behind every fraudulent loan
was a fraudulent appraisal.  It is nearly impossible for appraisers to render independent appraisals if the people hiring them do not want one.  When I was in public accounting, auditors
joked that MAI stood for “Made As Instructed.”  The commercial appraisals were largely worthless because they were not independently rendered.  It is so obvious that it should be beneath
mention, but that situation still exists.  

Even if the bank could not find a bona fide buyer, it was supposed to write down the property to fair market value on the books, taking the loss on its financial statements.  The S&L industry,
however, was in dire straits.  Reporting a commercial loss on the deal would not look good, and might get bank regulators, auditors and others asking questions.  Here is what the bank did
to hide its loss.  Another developer showed up, with similar delusions of grandeur and an equally pitiful pipedream, except his was twice as large.  He wanted a $6 million construction loan.  
The bank hired an appraiser to concoct the appraisal for the original empty strip mall that valued it at $5 million, even higher than the original pie-in-the-sky price tag that the original
developer dreamed up.  
The MAI commercial appraiser would appraise it for whatever number the bank wanted.  The bank would tell the second developer that it would loan him the
$6 million if he would buy the empty strip mall for $5 million.  The bank would loan the developer the money to make the down payment on the empty strip mall, and the first two years of loan
payments.  The developer never got his hands on that money, but the bank held it in escrow, taking the money out of the commercial account to make the down payment and loan payments.

When the bank made the $6 million commercial construction loan to the second developer, and played internal accounting games to concoct the “sale” of the first strip mall, instead of
recording the $1 million loss, it recorded a $2 million gain, had a new performing loan on the first strip mall, and the loan was guaranteed to have loan payments made on it for two years.  
Here is a chart to show how the commercial bank hid the loss.

Original loan
$3,000,000

Second MAI  and sale price to second developer  $5,000,000

Gain on phony sale to second developer
$2,000,000

So, with some fancy games and pliant appraisers, the commercial bank recorded a $2 million gain on its deal making.  The reality, however, was that $9 million had gone out the door, the
bank was paying 15% interest to depositors, and no money was coming in, not even interest payments. "

KEEP UP THE GOOD WORK (MAI-Made as Instructed Appraisers? Commercial Appraisers?)
1. The Defendants Improperly Used Bargain Sale Transactions to Conceal the True Financial Condition of Defendant Church Extension  30. From at least 1996 to at least April 2002, the
Defendants and others engaged in a scheme to conceal Defendant Church Extension's mounting financial difficulties in order to, among other things, entice investors to invest and/or
reinvest. Specifically, the Defendants and others improperly used bargain sale transactions to generate false paper income by recognizing the difference between the price paid by
Defendant Church Extension and/or United Management and falsely inflated appraisal values as non-cash contributions. Some of appraisers used in connection with the bargain sale
transactions were
Members of the Appraisal Institute, i.e., MAI appraisals. The appraisals used by the Defendants and others were false for several reasons, including, but not limited to: a)
the use of overstated net-operating income figures, which formed the basis of some appraisals; b) the failure to account for the limited real-estate market of some of the properties, due to
federal regulations and private covenants; and c) the failure to account for potential environmental hazards on some of the real-estate properties. Significantly, because inflated appraisal
values were used, the price paid by Defendants Church Extension and/or United Management was a much closer reflection of the actual value of the properties than the inflated appraisal
values. Thus, as a result of using falsely inflated appraisal values, the Defendants and others artificially increased the amount of non-cash contributions that Defendants Church Extension
and/or United Management recognized as income.

2. Plaintiff notified Defendant on May 25, 2004 that it was exercising its option to purchase the
property. Being in agreement that Plaintiff had the right to purchase the property, the parties agreed
to determine the purchase price by each engaging an appraiser who was a member of the
Appraisal
Institute (MAI), with the purchase price to be the average of the two appraisals. Plaintiff engaged
an appraiser from Atlanta, Georgia, while Defendant retained an appraiser from Nashville,
Tennessee. The two appraisals were significantly different. The appraised value determined by
Plaintiff’s appraiser was $1,470,000. The value as determined by Defendant’s appraiser was
$2,375,000.

3. Therefore, on the basis of our review of the record, we conclude that the court properly determined that the plaintiff had met its burden of showing that the city's assessor (jOHN lEARY,
mai) had overvalued the subject property and that such a finding was legally and logically correct and supported by the evidence before the court.

4. The town’s appraiser, Christopher K. Kerin (Kerin)
MAI, determined that the fair market value
of the subject property on the October 1, 1995 grand list was as follows:
Land $4,825,000
Site improvements 1,000,000
Main building 9,175,000
__________
$15,000,000

Our determination (trier of fact) of value of the subject property, as of October 1, 1995 is as
follows:
Land $4,825,000
Site improvements 1,000,000
Building 5,239,819
___________
Total $11,064,819

5. "As a residential review appraiser with 14 years experience, I see appraiser fraud weekly," says a northeastern appraiser who says he is working with the FBI.  At the same time I was
turning in these 17 fraud reports, I was warned by a prominent Appraisal Institute member not to submit those of a certain ethnic race appraiser because he was well politically entrenched
and it could backfire on me," notes the source. "Also, at the same time, I confided in a local Member of the
Appraisal Institute (MAI) about the appraisal fraud both in my local area and
inside his local AI residential membership.
This MAI later told me to be careful because I could die by the same sword I was wielding (a professional death, not physical death)."

6.  False Appraisals
I'm looking at an
MAI (commercial appraiser) appraisal right now from one of the most respected appraisers in our area that I know has been influenced in several ways (the appraisal has
been influenced, not him). The representations from the owner of the property concerning zoning, development, potential purchase offers and comparable sales have boosted the value.

7.  Inclosed is a bound hardcopy of the complaint I previously filed with the
North Carolina Appraisal Board against
John K. Weaver, MAI, (a.k.a. "Jack"
Weaver, commercial appraiser) who is the Deputy Director and Chief Investigator of the North
Carolina Appraisal Board (NCAB). (This complaint text is also available
online at www.boardwatch.org/htmfiles/complainttext1.htm .) Copies of Mr.
Weaver's complete research files are also inclosed in "bound report format,"
as are copies of four appraisal reports on the subject property in question
at the NCAB hearing in question.
The NCAB sat on the complaint for many months and then participated in a scam
to "sweep the complaint under the rug." Following in this letter is text
extracted from a post I made 11/16/2001 to an online discussion group for
real estate appraisers across the country (www.AppraisersForum.com) which
explains and documents the response of the NCAB. (The full post can be found
at http://appraisersforum.com/bbs/index.cgi?read=20707 .) Also included is a
printout of a website page from www.BoardWatch.org (via the "FAQ" hyperlink
from the homepage) which provides a very brief overview of the whole
situation. As the NCAB shirked its responsibilities in the matter, I am now
asking the Appraisal Institute to investigate the behavior of this Institute
member.

(Commercial Real Estate Appraiser, Los Angeles,  Commercial Appraisal Services, and Commercial Appraiser) Orange County Cities, Aliso Viejo, Anaheim, Brea, Buena Park, Costa Mesa,
Cypress, Dana Point, Fountain Valley, Fullerton, Garden Grove, Huntington Beach, Irvine, La Habra, La Palma, Laguna Beach, Laguna Hills, Laguna Niguel, Laguna Woods, Lake Forest,
Los Alamitos, Mission Viejo, Newport Beach, Orange, Placentia, Rancho Santa Margarita, of San Clemente, San Juan Capistrano, Santa Ana, Seal Beach, Stanton, Tustin, Villa Park,
Westminster, Yorb
a Linda


8. The behavior of this Member of the Appraisal Institute (MAI) is unacceptable if not outrageous. I've heard no one suggest otherwise. I dislike putting it this bluntly, but here it is in a
nutshell: For the sake of preserving or regaining integrity in North Carolina appraising, it has become necessary to put the Appraisal Institute to the test. The questions are these:
Is the Appraisal Institute part of the problem in North Carolina?
Is the AI an enabler?

9.   If memory serves me correctly, it was members of the
Appraisal Institute (the self proclaimed leader of appraisal association, designated with the "prestigious" MAI that were co-
conspirators of the S&L crisis.
Industry organizations are concerned with one thing: their own survival. With appraisal organizations competing for members, they are more focused on their own self preservation than on
the betterment of the industry as a whole.

Originally posted by RStrahan@Jan 28 2005, 03:28 PM
The various trade associations are impotent. The members of the Appraisal Foundation only count as one vote, so they are regularly outnumbered by the members of the very industry that
promotes appraisal fraud.
I believe that a merging of organizations is a necessity. However, I explicitely exclud the AI. The AI has regularly supported AVMs and stood against the interests of the general practice
appraiser, so it is not longer a viable force for change in the industry. In fact, they have often sided with the lending industry against the rest of the appraisal organizations.

Again, Roger hits it on the nose. An organzation that is purported to be in existance for the appraiser. Today, likely 99% of all residential appraisals are communicated to the lender and/or
clients via email or the internet. We most commonly transmit these in .pdf format since Adobe Acrobat Reader is readily available to all at no cost. Several lenders want appraisals delivered
in what is called AI (Appraisal Institute) ready format. This data format completely rearranges the data structure of the report. The data is thought to be disseminated into their AVM
database. No one but the insiders can prove this, however this format also does something else which is very disturbing. The appraiser's digital signature is removed from the report itself
and transmitted as a separate .jpg file. This comprimises the security of the report allowing the possibility of data to be changed. It is a violation of USPAP for an appraiser to knowingly
comprimise the security of their digital signatures/reports.

Who would have thought? To comply with the Appraisal Institute brand of appraisal delivery, one has to violate USPAP.

10.  Is this accepting an appraisal with a predetermined value?
Hello Curtis,
A member of Appraisal Data Connection is searching for market data.
Diane Gilbert, MAI, (Appraisal Institute, commercial real estate appraiser) is appraising a proposed 60,000 square foot upscale
residential mansion near Orlando, Florida (yes, that's 60,000 square
feet!)  
The property is located along the popular Butler Chain of Lakes and will
have numerous atypical amenities including an indoor and outdoor pool, a
bowling alley, indoor skating rink, a huge ballroom and colonnade, media
rooms, 2-story library, 10 bedroom suites, and staff quarters.
Diane is looking for sales of similar huge top quality residential
properties anywhere in the U.S.

Sales in excess of $15 million are preferred, (MAI COMMERCIAL APPRAISAL) and sales along waterfront
or some type of resort location would be a plus.

Her best contact method is by email.  If you can help or know someone who
can, please email Diane directly at:
Bayvalue@tampabay.rr.com

11. DATE: 08/01/2006 11:56:00 AM
The malleability of (real estate) appraisals has been a fact of life since for as long as I can remember, and that is probably longer than most readers have been alive. Down around the
bankruptcy court, they used to say that "MAI" stands for "Made as Instructed."
Posted by: Buce | August 1, 2006 09:01 PM
http://www.prospect.org/deanbaker/2006/07/housing_appraisals_the_account.html

12. April 12, 2006
Working With (Business Valuation) Expert Witnesses
In real estate, the Appraisal Institute awards a designation, MAI, Member, Appraisal Institute. For a variety of reasons, MAI came to have the derogatory meaning, "made as instructed."
Being an "mai" appraiser, whether in real estate, business appraisal, or any other field of expertise is a prescription for a short-term career. http://merceronvalue.
com/archives/2006/04/working_with_bu.html

13.  David, from the St. Louis Chapter of the Appraisal Institute, just told me last week that at a recent seminar, an instructor from Guess Who told the group attending the seminar in Typical
Delphi Scam and Cognitive Dissonance fashion, that appraisers would go out of business if they refused to perform AVMs for the banking cartel and the GSEs. Sending the Appraisal
Institute $950 Bucks in MAI, SRPA, SRA professional dues for 2005 is going to be a really tough decision. If I can find a real job that pays, they won't get my money anymore. Besides being
a State Certified General Realty Appraiser is just as good as having Made As Instructed behind my name -- because that's what the public perceives me to be anyway now -- a member of
the world's oldest profession.
http://www.financialsense.com/editorials/reality/2004/4R1217.html

14.  Gesoff v. IIC Industries Inc. et al., in the Delaware Chancery Court decided May 18,
2006
The parent then offered its appraisals, but the Court saw them as flawed and smacking of
made-as-instructed justification after the fact. In particular, its appraiser did adjust downwards a
management projection without any justification, failed to take into account appreciated realty,
and used a small company premium without regard to the fact that subsidiaries were, in effect,
large businesses in their respective emerging markets

15. SAN FRANCISCO BAY RESTORATION PLAN
Commercial real estate Appraiser (Charles D. Bailey,
MAI) disciplined; taxpayers paid millions
MANY ERRORS ALLEGED IN PURCHASE OF CARGILL PONDS FOR $100 MILLION IN 2003
By Paul Rogers
Mercury News
Susanna Frohman / Mercury News archives
In 2002, then-Gov. Gray Davis and Sen. Dianne Feinstein, above, announce a $100 million deal for the Cargill salt ponds. Complaint against appraiser Charles Bailey (
MAI) (PDF) The
settlement agreement (PDF)

The appraiser (Charles D. Bailey,
MAI) whose report helped set the $100 million price taxpayers paid in the 2003 Cargill salt ponds deal has been disciplined on allegations that he made
numerous errors and violated federal standards when he set a value for the property.

The state attorney general's office brought a misconduct complaint against Charles Bailey (MAI) of Mill Valley this summer, alleging 24 significant errors in his appraisal of Cargill lands for
the federal government in December 2000.

Bailey, who denied any wrongdoing, agreed Sept. 27 to a censure of his license, known as a ``public reproval.'' He also will pay $4,000 to cover the costs of the state investigation. Although
he will keep his license and can continue working, any disciplinary action on an appraiser's record is very harmful to his career, said Deputy Attorney General Char Sachson.

News of the settlement heightened concerns that taxpayers may have overpaid by millions of dollars when government agencies bought 16,500 acres of Cargill salt evaporation ponds from
Hayward to Alviso to Redwood City in March 2003. It also brought calls Tuesday from political leaders for less secrecy in public land deals.

16.  IS THIS
MAI APPRAISER INCOMPETENCY?
Anyone know any sources of gross sales per store data for specific chains? I am appraising three proposed facilities that are being leased with a level base minimum rent but actual rent is
the greater of that minimum rent or 10% of gross sales. I believe if I use the minimum I could be undervaluing, but am not comfortable using the projections provided without at least seeing
something to compare them to. They are slightly above the minimum rent threshhold.
Paul S. Ness, MAI (commercial appraiser)
www.nessassociates.net

Mr. Ness, MAI was apparently so embarrassed by his own lack of knowledge that he has removed his request from the AppraisalForum.com website.   The sometimes humorous
responses are still there however.

We also received this email from site owner (Wayne McKerley) who suggest that we inappropriately used his copyrighted material.

Paul Ness posted this on AppraisersForum.com.  You copied it without my permission or without Paul's permission to your web site.  You also imply that Paul is incompetent by adding the
heading "IS THIS MAI APPRAISER INCOMPETENCY?". Paul is aware of this also and brought it to my attention.

I ask that you remove this from your website and refrain from using our copyrighted material.

Wayne McKerley
AppraisersForum.com
(Professional Commercial Appraisal Forum?)

17.  
Appraisal Talk Message Board
Re: MIA Appraiser San Diego, CA
[ Follow Ups ] [ Post Followup ] [ Appraisal Talk ] [ FAQ ]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Posted by mitchell's mother on October 12, 2006 at 15:53:53:
In Reply to: MIA Appraiser San Diego, CA posted by mitchell on October 12, 2006 at 14:44:37:
I need a state licensed or certified appraiser. I am more interested in experience and education than any phony designations, that try to cover up their lack of experience and
education.

18.  Times Herald-Record
October 17, 2006
Albany — A real estate
appraisal that the City of Middletown relied on to sell off a property two years ago was so riddled with faults that questions later arose over whether Robert Buckles "
(Appraisal Institute, Associate Member) prepared an appraisal with a predetermined value," a state investigator testified yesterday. In the same hearing, an expert appraiser testified that the
appraisal of the 14-acre property on Ruth Court used outdated property sales for comparisons.
Robert G. Buckles, Associate MAI
President
Countrywide Appraisal Services
P.O. Box 1118
Monticello, NY 12701
547 Broadway
(845) 794-2834x300
Fax: (914) 794-2846
Bob@countywideappraisal.com
Accepts (real estate appraisal) Fee Assignments (more info)

19. LETTER FROM THE (UTAH Appraisal
Institute-MAI) PRESIDENT, 2006
I am proud to be a member of this professional organization.  I
had been ignorant to the extreme member benefits until I began serving on the Board in 1999.   I want to inform you of the
advantages regarding Appraisal Institute membership.  A few of the programs and promotions by National which benefit members include.
4.  Lobbying Efforts
National has a full time staff of three attorneys in Washington, DC working on our behalf to keep up with federal legislation and other initiatives that impact our profession and to act as a
liaison to the local chapters in keeping up with state issues.  We also have our own local lobbyist who works with Utah appraisers.  
Lobbying is one of those behind the scenes activities
that many of us may not give much thought to however, the efforts of these people affect us individually and our profession in ways that many of us are unaware.

20. Mr. Levy describes in his succinct essay the stranglehold that the banking cartel has on the realty valuation industry. Th
e Appraisal Institute has an affiliate appraisal management
company called REAS (Real Estate Appraisal Services) which operates http://www.aidirectconnection.com. REAS is owned by Charter One Financial Corporation, the 25th largest bank
holding company in the USA, home based in Ohio. Royal Bank of Scotland is in merger and acquisition negotiations with Charter One to become the 7th largest bank holding company in the
USA, after the Bank One and JPChase Manhattan merger as the second largest banking conglomerate. This conflict of interest doesn't get any more blatant than these facts. ( AI Direct
Connection®      AI Direct Connection
AI Direct Connection provides the real estate marketplace with an efficient and cost-effective means to acquire quality appraisal services. Appraisers can sign up, free of charge, to be
included on the fee panel, specifying their services or specialties.
AI Direct Connection then sells those services directly to the client. FIND OUT MORE HERE)

21. Excuse me—you're standing on my bonus … reflections on credit culture
RMA Journal, The,  May, 2005  by David H. Wesley
Banks have been widely lauded for their performance through the most recent downturn. Pressure for revenue growth has invariably led to deal creep--pricing concessions, then deal
structure concessions (covenant, guarantees, advance rates, etc.), and then the rationalization that otherwise marginal credits are acceptable. It takes both courage and conviction to
remain disciplined and diligent to not trade off your credit risk principles. Looking back at performance during the last downturn, some things were done particularly well, while others could
have been done better.
Following are a few of the excuses that we all have heard (or have used) in the credit approval process, along with their subliminal translations.
We have an MAI appraisal that supports the request.
Translation: The appraisal is a
made-as-instructed real estate valuation.

22. Posted by
Appraiser Central on October 18, 2006 at 20:00:21:
In Reply to: ai posted by Cochise on October 18, 2006 at 18:29:29:
The Appraisal Institute has had "conflict of issue", issues for many years now. Especially with Charter One Bank and also Washington Mutual (WAMU). The Appraisal Institute doesn't seem
to care. This being "in bed" with Charter One and Washington Mutual was a big part of
our boycott of the Appraisal Institute a few years ago when the AI decided to create their own AVM
(AIRD) with Charter One Bank and WAMU as their biggest backers.
Also, the AI can't even advertise without lying. They have been running radio ads here in Massachusetts, where they tout the lie that "Appraisal Institute Members are better qualified and
have more education" than non-Appraisal Institute members. I can't wait till the first homeowner here gets an AI member with only 2 years experience; and the job is way over their head.
The sooner we as an industry get rid of Appraisal Management companies, and designation "tea clubs", the better off we will be.

orange county commercial appraiser, OC Real Estate Appraiser Los Angeles, Orange County Cities, Aliso Viejo, Anaheim, Brea, Buena Park, Costa Mesa, Cypress, Dana Point, Fountain Valley, Fullerton, Garden Grove, Huntington Beach, Irvine, La
Habra, La Palma, Laguna Beach, Laguna Hills, Laguna Niguel, Laguna Woods, Lake Forest, Los Alamitos, Mission Viejo, Newport Beach, Orange, Placentia, Rancho Santa Margarita, of San Clemente, San Juan Capistrano, Santa Ana, Seal Beach,
Stanton, Tustin, Villa Park, Westminster, Yorb
a Linda

Posted by Appraisal Police on July 06, 2006 at 22:12:55:
FBI:
Appraisal Fraud Serious (Commercial Appraiser, sic); Calls for Industry to Team up with Law Enforcement
July 2006
In a June 14 speech, a Federal Bureau of Investigation specialist said that appraisal fraud has become the most serious form of mortgage fraud. In a presentation to an American Bankers
Association conference in Orlando, Ronda Helig, supervisory special agent for the FBI, said that appraisal fraud accounts for 80 percent of all the mortgage fraud that is reported and that
the average loss per occurrence of appraisal fraud exceeds $60,000. Based on these figures, Helig called for a cooperative response between industry and law enforcement.


Orange County Cities OC, Aliso Viejo, Anaheim, Brea, Buena Park, Costa Mesa, Cypress, Dana Point, Fountain Valley, Fullerton, Garden Grove, Huntington Beach, Irvine, La Habra, City of
La Palma, Laguna Beach, Laguna Hills, Laguna Niguel, Laguna Woods, Lake Forest, Los Alamitos, Mission Viejo, Newport Beach, Orange, Placentia, Rancho Santa Margarita, San
Clemente, San Juan Capistrano, Santa Ana, Seal Beach, Stanton, Tustin, Villa Park, Westminster, Yorba Linda

Successfully using
forensic appraisals (appraiser) in the tax courts requires that the property owner understand the special issues involved with these types of appraisals, as they differ
significantly from typical real estate appraisals.  The differences cover the gamut of legal issues from communication between the client and the appraiser through the legal admissibility of
appraisal methodology.

Kacha v. Allstate Ins. Co. (06/26/06 - No.
D046961)
A judgment confirming an insurance commercial appraisal award involving property damaged by a wildfire is reversed pursuant to an insured's claims that: 1) the award exceeded the
appraisers' jurisdiction, and the trial court erred by finding he waived the jurisdictional rule; and 2) the court erred by finding he was precluded from challenging the appraisal award because
he took possession of, but did not negotiate, checks the insurer provided him to cover the award.


Please call for Orange County oc, Ventura County, Riverside County, San Bernardino, County Coverage Areas,   Real Estate Appraiser Orange Riverside Ventura San Bernardino Counties,

Foreword
This is the fifth edition of the
Uniform Appraisal Standards for Federal Land Acquisitions. The Standards were originally published in 1971 with the most recent revision published in 1992.
The existing Standards have earned a prestigious position. They are frequently cited by Congress in legislation relating to the valuation of federal land acquisitions and have guided the
appraisal process in these matters since their original issuance by the Interagency Land Acquisition Conference. & The Interagency Land Acquisition Conference, established on November
27, 1968, by invitation of the Attorney General, is a voluntary organization composed of representatives from the many federal agencies engaged in the acquisition of real estate for public
uses. The Conference adopted and continues to adhere to several goals with respect to land acquisition, including the promulgation of uniform appraisal standards and guidelines for
appraisal reports. The broad experience of the member representatives of the Interagency Land Acquisition Conference assures that the federal appraisal standards developed for land
acquisitions are uniform, fair, and efficient. The Interagency Land Acquisition Conference is chaired by the Assistant Attorney General for the Environment and Natural Resources Division,
Department of Justice. Its activities are conducted by ad hoc committees composed of member representatives.

The Interagency Land Acquisition Conference Executive is Virginia P. Butler, Chief of the Land Acquisition Section of the Environment and Natural Resources Division, Department of Justice.
James D. Eaton, MAI, of the Appraisal Unit, Department of Justice, authored this 2000 revision of the Uniform Appraisal Standards for Federal Land Acquisitions. He was assisted in this
effort by Appraisal Unit Chief Brian Holly, MAI; trial attorney Marc Gordon; and Ms. Butler. These Standards were submitted to the Appraisal Institute for editorial review and the Department
of Justice grate-fully
acknowledges the editorial assistance of the Appraisal Institute in their preparation. While the vast majority of federal land acquisition is achieved through voluntary means, sometimes
litigation is necessary. With this in mind, Mr. Eaton has done an admirable job of updating the case law, expand-ing the treatment of novel or difficult valuation questions, and recognizing the
vast changes that have recently characterized the real estate appraisal profession.


2006
Appraisal Information Needs Survey Results
During August 2006, the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®’ (NAR) Marketing Research Department invited 86,777 appraiser members and recipients of the Appraisal Section of
the weekly NAR ListServe message to participate in an online survey. Findings reflected in this report were collected from responses received between August 10th and 25th, 2006.
The goal of the survey was to understand how Appraiser members conduct their business, obtain appraisal industry information, and make decisions on their appraisal education and
designations.

Forensic appraising adds in the positive
Process involves combining all the variables affecting a property to create a predicted value
Dayton Business Journal - May 15, 1998 by John Niehaus News Staff Reporter
Print this Article Email this Article Reprints RSS Feeds Most Viewed Most Emailed
Joel Henson's business, Dixie Drywall Co., is located on about one-and-a-half acres of land off
Valley Street. About one acre of the property is grass.
Instead of continually paying a landscaping company $75 to cut the grass, he decided to try to sell
that piece of his property. After determining an asking price, he called Ron Kuczak, a local real
estate appraiser.
"He came out and gave me my options,"
Henson said. "He more or less determined
what the land would be worth if I kept it and
put up some warehouses."

USPAP 2006:
The Loss Of A Few Terms Will Be Less Confusing, I Think December 28th, 2005 by John Cicero
In January 2006 the new edition of USPAP will be available and distributed, though its changes will not become effective until June. The Appraisal Standards Board


REVISIONS TO USPAP AND ADVISORY OPINIONS
The
revisions in the 2006 Edition of USP Appraisal Practice are the result of two major Appraisal Standards Board (ASB) initiatives: (1) examination of the proper role of the scope of work
and departure concepts in the appraisal process; and (2) specific review of STANDARDS 9 and 10. The ASB formally adopted the 2006 USPAP on October 28, 2005 based on testimony
presented at public meetings, responses to three Concept Papers, six Exposure Drafts, and extensive deliberation by the ASB over a two-year period. (
USPAP 2006 Q & A) The effective
date of the 2006 USPAP is July 1, 2006 commercial.

UNIFORM
STANDARDS OF PROFESSIONAL APPRAISAL PRACTICE 2006

FHA training comes to the Pacific Northwest:
June 12, 2006 - Salem, OR.
FHA Program Update, Appraisal Reform, & Home Equity Conversion Mortgage Training. Approved for 6 hrs Continuing Education Credit. Registration required,
no fee.

REAL ESTATE APPRAISAL
Nature of Appraisal Work (U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Commercial appraisers and assessors of real estate estimate the value of real property for a variety of purposes, such as to assess property tax, to determine a sales price, or to determine
the amount of a mortgage that might be granted on a property. They may be called on to determine the value of any type of real estate, ranging from farmland to a major shopping center,
although they often specialize in appraising or assessing only a certain type of real estate such as residential buildings or commercial properties. Assessors determine the value of all
properties in a locality for property tax purposes whereas appraisers appraise properties one at a time for a variety of purposes, such as to determine what a good sale price would be for a
home or to settle an estate or aid in a divorce settlement.

FannieMae's
Property (Commercial Appraiser, SIC) and Appraisal Guidelines—details their general requirements for analyzing the property residential appraisal, rather than commercial,
aspects of conventional mortgages secured by one- to four-family properties. It also discusses special considerations for certain types of housing-units in condominium, PUD, and
cooperative projects; manufactured (and other factory-built) homes; Community Living group homes; mixed-use properties; properties affected by environmental hazards; urban properties;
affordable housing program properties; properties located in special assessment or community facilities districts; properties subject to leasehold interests (including those held by community
land trusts); and energy-efficient properties—that merit special consideration in the property and appraisal review. Because the evaluation of a property is such a vital part of the risk
analysis, they expect a lender to place as much emphasis on underwriting the property and reviewing the appraisal as it does on underwriting the borrower's commercial creditworthiness.

FDIC Law,
Regulations, Related Acts  § 323.4  Minimum appraisal standards.
For
federally related transactions, all appraisals shall, at a minimum:

Is property owner liable when horse and rider fall on driveway?

For information on registering your business capabilities to assist in the
Hurricane Katrina disaster relief efforts pleas

FOUNDATION
NEWS -
-The Appraisal Foundation is a non-profit educational organization founded to foster professionalism in appraising through the establishment and promotion of (commercial) appraisal
standards and (commercial) appraiser qualifications.-

Editor’s note: On March 16, 2001, Daniel Muller of Morgan Miller Blair presented,  
“What Every Real Estate Attorney Should Know About Inverse Condemnation,” to the real property section
of the CCCBA.  This article discusses developments in the areas of inverse condemnation and eminent domain (direct condemnation) in the six months since the presentation.  For an outline
of the presentation call (925) 937-3600.  nverse Condemnation  Plaintiffs suffered setbacks in three inverse condemnation cases decided in 2001.  However, a judge in a federal district
court case granted plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment, enjoining the agency from an impending condemnation for failure to show a public use or purpose for the project.

Cityfeet.com is the premier online resource for finding
commercial real estate, specializing in office space, executive suites, retail, and investment property. Learn more.

ENVIRONMENTAL , GOVERNMENT , PROPERTY  & REAL ESTATE, WATER
Turlock Irrigation Dist. v. Zanker, No F047094 (Cal. 5th App. Dist. June 26, 2006)
Judgment partially against a town in litigation concerning the scope of its right to receive treated water for domestic use and other needs of the town is affirmed where the trial court
(comercial appraiser sic) correctly found that the districts must continue to provide water to the town, but the reasonable cost of treating the water to make it suitable for domestic use may be
passed through to the consumer.

orange county commercial appraiser, Commercial Appraiser OC, Commercial Appraiser Los Angeles AND OC, Commercial Real Estate Appraisal, Estate Appraiser,  Residential Appraiser,
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Property, California Appraiser, PMI Removal Appraiser, Free Appraisal.  Certified General Appraiser, Tax Appraiser

CIVIL PROCEDURE, DEBT COLLECTION, ETHICS & PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY,   & REAL ESTATE, REMEDIES
Rusheen v. Cohen, No. S123203 (Cal. February 23, 2006)
Where a cause of action is based on a communicative act, the litigation privilege of Civil Code section 47 extends to those noncommunicative actions which are necessarily related to that
communicative act.

Curtis - Rosenthal, Inc.

Forensic Appraiser Los Angeles, Forensic Appraisal,

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Stanton

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City of Villa Park

City of Westminster

City of Yorba Linda

Real Estate Appraiser Orange
Riverside Ventura San
Bernardino Counties,
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Commercial Appraiser Orange (OC) and Southern California (CA)Commercial Appraisal, orange county commercial appraiser, OC Real Estate Appraiser Los Angeles, Orange County Cities, Aliso Viejo, Anaheim, Brea, Buena Park, Costa Mesa, Cypress, Dana Point, Fountain Valley, Fullerton, Garden Grove, Huntington Beach, Irvine, La Habra, La Palma, Laguna Beach, Laguna Hills, Laguna Niguel, Laguna Woods, Lake Forest, Los Alamitos, Mission Viejo, Newport Beach, Orange, Placentia, Rancho Santa Margarita, of San Clemente, San Juan Capistrano, Santa Ana, Seal Beach, Stanton, Tustin, Villa Park, Westminster, Yorba Linda

Commercial Appraiser Orange (OC) and Real Estate Consultant, Los Angeles, California CA, Commercial Appraisal, orange county commercial appraiser, OC Real Estate Appraiser Los Angeles, Orange County Cities, Aliso Viejo, Anaheim, Brea, Buena Park, Costa Mesa, Cypress, Dana Point, Fountain Valley, Fullerton, Garden Grove, Huntington Beach, Irvine, La Habra, La Palma, Laguna Beach, Laguna Hills, Laguna Niguel, Laguna Woods, Lake Forest, Los Alamitos, Mission Viejo, Newport Beach, Orange, Placentia, Rancho Santa Margarita, of San Clemente, San Juan Capistrano, Santa Ana, Seal Beach, Stanton, Tustin, Villa Park, Westminster, Yorba Linda

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<Los Angeles and Southern California,  Real Estate Appraiser Orange, estate appraiser & consultant, Expert Witness, Real Estate consultant, OC,  Southern California, commercial appraiser, appraiser los angeles, real estate appraiser,  condemnation appraiser,  la commercial appraiser, ca commercial appraiser, Real Estate Appraiser, Real Estate Appraiser orange county, Commercial Appraisal Services,>Services: Eminent Domain appraiser appraisal, The Harris Company REA/C(commercial appraiser los angeles, inverse condemnation appraiser,  expert witness real estate, real property, commercial appraiser, commercial real estate, Los Angeles, Estate , Probate, Trust, Tax, MAI Appraiser, LA, L.A., real estate  land los angeles, commercial real estate inspectors, real estate brokers, los angeles, real estate appraiser,  Los Angeles,  llp, mark to marker, Land Appraiser, Special Purpose Property Appraiser, Office Property, Commercial appraisal, Restaurant, Apartment, VANDEMA, Southern California Commercial Real Estate, Residential Appraiser, Apartment Appraiser,California Appraiser,PMI Removal, Certified General, Tax , Multi Family , Bank appraisal institute,Apraiser, comp check, value check)Orange County Cities, Aliso Viejo, Anaheim, Brea, Buena Park, Costa Mesa, Cypress, Dana Point, Fountain Valley, Fullerton, Garden Grove, Huntington Beach, Irvine, La Habra, La Palma, Laguna Beach, Laguna Hills, Laguna Niguel, Laguna Woods, Lake Forest, Los Alamitos, Mission Viejo, Newport Beach, Orange, Placentia, Rancho Santa Margarita, of San Clemente, San Juan Capistrano, Santa Ana, Seal Beach, Stanton, Tustin, Villa Park, Westminster, Yorba Linda